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Enablers

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The WASH Bottleneck Analysis Tool
The WASH Bottleneck Analysis Tool analyses the complex interplay of institutional structures and processes that determine how effectively human, material and financial inputs are turned
into sustainable access to drinking-water supply, sanitation and hygiene. It provides a rational evidence-based approach for formulating an investment strategy for multiple sectors aims of efficiency, equity and sustainability.

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Peace Through Prosperity: Integrating Peacebuilding Into Economic Development
This framework explains how governments, businesses, non-governmental, organisations, and international agencies can contribute to peaceful economic development in fragile and conf
lict-affected countries. The framework, through explaining methods and providing examples, also demonstrates how economic and businesses choices and approaches can contribute to peace, by improving fair access to livelihoods, asset accumulation, revenues and services, and environmental and social sustainability. 

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Economics of Adaptation Toolkit

Understanding the economic costs and benefits of climate change at the micro and sectoral level requires detailed information of the sector and the potential vulnerabilities.

While there have been numerous ad hoc reports aimed at understanding the impact of climate change on different economies, detailed data that is required for rigorous evaluation and understanding of the impact and optimal adaptation strategy is typically lacking.

This toolkit addresses these gaps and provids a capacity building programme aimed at strengthening the skills and knowledge base of technical officers in Ministries of Planning and Finance as well as in line ministries including environment, agriculture and water, on the economics of adaptation as it relates to medium- and long-term national, sub-national and sectoral development plans. It is supported by UNDP, in collaboration with USAID’s Adapt Asia-Pacific programme.

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Climate Change Risks and Adaptation
This guidance provides a framework to help officials working on climate change adaptation to understand and manage the potential risks arising from climate change.
This guidance is complemented with a summary of the latest information on the costs and benefits of adaptation and decision-making tools to support the management of climate risks and exploration of the financing of climate change adaptation. 

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Forecast-based Financing - Anticipatory Actions for Food Security
Forecast-based Financing enables anticipatory actions for disaster mitigation at the community and government level using credible seasonal and weather forecasts.
With climate change acting as a risk multiplier, the World Food Programme is strengthening this work through investments in Forecast-based Financing and anticipatory action across Asia, Africa and Latin America.

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Financing Solutions for Sustainable Development Toolkit
This platform is designed for practitioners, including public officials, policy makers, in-country stakeholders, and researchers who want to diversify the mix of development finance tools at
their disposal. It provides the knowledge to foster participation in development finance activities, and to mobilize and make more effective use of public and private financial resources for sustainable development. The toolkit can be used to examine the potential advantages, disadvantages, risks, and characteristics of the financing solutions in the context of your work and country setting.

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Towards a More Comprehensive Assessment of Fiscal Space
These guidelines provide a systematic review of the most common definitions and measures of fiscal space. They examines the evolution of fiscal space measures, 
outlines the pros and cons of each measure and pinpoints key factors that could help strengthen existing approaches to allow a more comprehensive assessment of fiscal space. By illustrating how different measures paint considerably different pictures of an economy’s fiscal space, the paper underscores the need to use a dashboard of indicators. 

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Fiscal Space for Social Protection and the SDGs

These guidelines present eight financing alternatives, based on policy positions by the United Nations and international financial institutions, and show that fiscal space for s

ocial protection and the SDGs exists even in the poorest countries. Of the eight options, six increase the overall size of a country’s budget through increasing tax revenues, expanding social security coverage and contributory revenues, lobbying for increased aid and transfers, eliminating illicit financial flows, borrowing or restructuring debt, and adopting a more accommodative macroeconomic framework. The other two options are about redirecting existing resources from one area to another, in this case social protection by re-allocating public expenditures and tapping into fiscal and foreign exchange reserves. 

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Public Finance for Children

The overarching goal of the Public Finance for Children (PF4C) Framework is to contribute to the realisation&

nbsp;of children’s rights by supporting the best possible use of public budgets. The framework is aligned with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child General Comment No. 19 on Public Budgeting for the Realization of Child Rights, as well as with UNICEF’s 2018-21 Strategic Plan.  

The PF4C aims to ensure that sufficient resources are allocated for child-related policies and programmes and that results-based budgeting and value for money approaches are adopted. It also aims to ensure that resources are better distributed and that citizens, including children and adolescents, are empowered to monitor and participate in budget processes. 

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Debt Management and Financial Analysis System

Effective debt management is indispensable for ensuring the financing needs of Governments, minimizing borrowing costs and risks, and to support the development of domestic markets.

UNCTAD's Debt Management and Financial Analysis System (DMFAS) programme is one of the world’s leading providers of technical cooperation and advisory services in the area of debt management. It offers countries a set of proven solutions for improving their capacity to handle the day-to-day management of public liabilities and the production of reliable debt data for policymaking purposes. This includes its specialized debt management software, which greatly facilitates the work of the debt office, as well as advisory services and training activities in debt management.