Identifying and analysing underlying root causes of conflicts
The Conflict and Development Analysis (CDA) tool helps UN staff and other practitioners gain a deeper understanding of conflict drivers, conflict stakeholders, key dynamics and engines of peace. The CDA contributes to the development of clear and attainable peace building programming and policy objectives, as well as indicators for measuring and monitoring results. The analysis can be conducted as part of a strategic planning process, in anticipation of a new programme with key conflict dimensions, or in light of a potential trigger event such as elections, referendums or changes in government.
In 2018 UNDP conducted a conflict and development analysis in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhawa and Balochistanin Western Pakistan. The analysis was undertaken to develop entry points for engagement across the rule of law and access to justice sector, by establishing a better understanding of the structural root causes of conflict and fragility. The CDA gathered evidence from conflict - affected communities, as well as from relevant government, civil society and UN stakeholders, to map and assess conflict profiles, causes, actors and dynamics that might impact the regional context and thereby programme implementation. The findings were used to inform ongoing and future rule of law programming, ensuring conflict sensitivity, and helped identify new entry points for UNDP’s work on sustaining peace.