Analysing the many ways in which people are left behind

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) identifies multiple deprivations at the household and individual level in health, education and standard of living. It uses micro data from household surveys which are aggregated into the national measure of poverty. The MPI is a valuable complement to income-based poverty measures for governments, policy makers and development practitioners, and allows comparisons between countries and regions, as well as within countries.

Country case


Vietnam launched its MPI in 2014 as a tool to identify multidimensionally poor individuals as a complement to income poverty measures. The results of the MPIare used to target vulnerable families, who can benefit from a variety of social policies and strategies against poverty. In addition, the country used its national MPI to redistribute budget allocations between regions, prioritising the most impoverished areas.