Analysing the many ways in which people are left behind

This joint handbook provides practical guidance for policymakers, statisticians, practitioners and others seeking or engaged in developing a national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) and is also intended as a resource for academics, journalists and others interested in broadening their country’s poverty metrics, in line with the 2030 Agenda and SDGs. The MPI identifies multiple deprivations at the household and individual level in health, education and standard of living. It uses micro data from household surveys which are aggregated into the national measure of poverty. It is a valuable complement to income-based poverty measures for governments, policy makers and development practitioners, and allows comparisons between countries and regions, as well as within countries.


Data and Analytics



Leave No-One Behind Tools - Assessing Who is Being Left Behind and Why


Guidelines and diagnosticsIndices

Country case


Vietnam launched its MPI in 2014 as a tool to identify multidimensionally poor individuals as a complement to income poverty measures. The results of the MPI are used to target vulnerable families, who can benefit from a variety of social policies and strategies against poverty. In addition, the country used its national MPI to redistribute budget allocations between regions, prioritising the most impoverished areas.